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, AP Racing provided an 8.5 in (22 cm) diameter clutch. , The interior was designed for two passengers and trimmed in leather. Not such a big custom-rim fan. ", Critics of the car consider it underwhelming for such an expensive, powerful and high performance machine. These experimental cars took many cues from the Pininfarina car, but also addressed the Corvette-esque rear end and replaced the square pop-up headlights with oval ones – a feature later used on the XJ220.  The recession left many of those who placed a deposit unable to complete the purchase. File:Jaguar XJ220 top Heritage Motor Centre, Gaydon.jpg, viscous coupling limited slip differential, "Marking 20 Years Since The Launch Of The Jaguar XJ220", "Jaguar XJ220 Application Form – Terms and Conditions of Order", "The cars: Jaguar XJ-S development history", http://www.motorsportmagazine.com/archive/article/august-1990/33/jaguar-plans, "The Jaguar XJ220 Triple-Cone Synchronizer A Case Study", "Jaguar XJ220 Flying Visit Tour – Model History", "Aston Martin Lagonda Ltd – Company History", "13 motoring disasters for Friday the 13th", "Motoring: Burnt fingers for hot car speculators", "Rowan Atkinson decides: Bugatti Veyron or McLaren F1? All Rights Reserved, Introducing the $1000 TopSpeed Student Scholarship. Pininfarina also added a double vane rear-wing. (Pininfarina did not release any information regarding the price of the car). About half were built as road-going variants, which added £55,000 to the list price. , The braking system was designed by AP Racing and featured ventilated and cross-drilled discs of 13 in (33 cm) diameter at the front and 11.8 in (30 cm) diameter at the rear.  TWR formed a division, TWR Road Engines, to manage the design, development, construction and testing of the engines for the production cars. The production XJ220's V6 engine is visible through the rear window, Jaguar and Aston Martin came under the control of the. The Jaguar XJ220 Pininfarina is a special XJ220 built in 1995 for the Sultan of Brunei and his brother Prince Jefri, who commissioned a number of rare and one-off heavily modified cars based on expensive luxury cars. , Further complicating the sales situation was the announcement by JaguarSport of a road-going version of the Jaguar XJR-9, the last of the racing cars to feature the Jaguar V12 engine. , The price of collectible cars collapsed as a result of the recession over the six-year period from 1989–94; for example, a highly collectible Ferrari 250 GTO sold for just $3.5 million in 1994, an $11.1 million loss from its sale price in 1989. The Jaguar XJ220 Pininfarina is a special XJ220 built in 1995 for the Sultan of Brunei and his brother Prince Jefri, who commissioned a number of rare and one-off heavily modified cars based on expensive luxury cars.  The braking system was installed without a servo, but a number of owners found the brakes to be difficult to judge when cold and subsequently requested a servo to be fitted. It was designed primarily for racing but could be specified as a road-legal vehicle.  The transaxle featured a viscous coupling limited slip differential to improve traction.  Commentators who approve of the interior have criticised the luggage space as being "largely useless". A number of small design changes for the body were tested in the wind tunnel; the final version had a drag coefficient of 0.36 with downforce of 3,000 lb (1,400 kg) at 200 mph (320 km/h). Also it was nearly 5 meters long. At the time, the XJ220 was the fastest car in the world, with a tested top speed of 212.3 mph.
, The XJ220 remains popular with the contemporary motoring press; Evo journalist David Vivian, writing a head-to-head test between the XJ220 and the Lamborghini Murcielago in 2009, commented that "going ludicrously fast seems trivially easy", and acknowledged that the decision to change the V12 engine for a turbocharged V6 engine has more recently become acceptable. Perhaps one of the biggest treasures in the Sultan’s “Harem” is a XJ220 Pininfarina Jag, custom made for him.  Rally alloy wheel specialists Speedline Corse designed the alloy wheels, these are both wider and have a larger diameter on the rear wheels; 17 inches (43 cm) wheels are fitted to the front and 18 inches (46 cm) are fitted at the rear, with 255/55 ZR17 tyres at the front and 345/35 ZR18 tyres at the rear.
This custom Jaguar XJ220 by Pininfarina is just one of the approximately 5000 cars the Sultan and his brother owned. Geoff Lawson, Design Director at Jaguar took a greater interest in the car and insisted the design had to be seen to be a Jaguar if it was to be successful in promoting the company. It was bought by the Sultan of Brunei, a prolific car collector with a penchant for commissioning one-offs, who sent to Italian carrozzeria Pininfarina.
, The exhaust system had two catalytic converters, which reduced the power output of the engine. The engine is Twin-Turbo V6 that generates up to 550 horsepower. Barker was also impressed with the engineering, saying "this car is catalysed, fully homologated and has passed the same tests that a Volvo needs before going on sale," going on to discuss how the vehicle looked at home on the racetrack thanks to the design. We heard of an Audi S8 with full chrome paint (car is banned on the national roads in at least 84 countries), custom made cars such as Ferrari TestaRossa F90 Speciale, several custom made Aston Martins, a Bentley Java, six Dauer 962 LMs, a unique right-hand-drive Mercedes CLK-GTR, Mercedes-AMG, 7 or 8 McLaren F1’s and McLaren F1 LM ‘s, Lamborghini Diablo Jota, and a Porsche 959. Click here to go to the NEW ENCYCLOPEDIA.  FF Developments were contracted to provide the gearbox/transaxle assembly, modifying their four-wheel drive transaxle assembly from the XJ220 concept into a pure rear-wheel drive design for the production car. [page needed], Performance Car reviewer John Barker was also impressed with the performance as well as the ride and stability of the car, writing "The V6 has a rumbly, loping note which, in league with a remarkably supple ride, belies the speed we are travelling at. Slowly more and more cars began to surface out of the Sultan 's collection. , The luggage space consists of a small boot directly behind and above the rear portion of the engine, also trimmed in leather.
The production version of the car was first shown to the public in October 1991, at the Tokyo Motor Show.
 Colin Goodwin, a writer for Autocar, tested an XJ220-S in June 1995 at Millbrook Proving Ground and set the lap record at an average speed of 180.4 mph (290.3 km/h). , FF Developments, in addition to their design work on the gearbox and rear axle assembly were given responsibility for their manufacture. All of these were bought with money from the oil revenues that his family owns.  The last XJ220 rolled off the production line in April 1994; the factory was then transferred to Aston Martin and used for the assembly of the Aston Martin DB7 until 2004. The suspension fitted to the production model consisted of front and rear independent suspension, double unequal length wishbones, inboard coil springs and anti-roll bars, with Bilstein gas-filled dampers.  The XJ220C was promoted in the United States in the-made-for-TV "Fast Masters" racing series at Indianapolis Raceway Park, airing on ESPN in the summer of 1993 and featuring invited drivers over 50 years old in an elimination format. Pininfarina decided to shorten the car.
 HRH The Princess of Wales officially opened the factory and unveiled the first production XJ220 in October 1991. , An XJ220 was also used in the Italian GT Championship, although without factory support; it raced in Martini livery.  The Bridgestone Expedia S.01 asymmetric uni-directional tyres were specially developed for the XJ220 and had to be rateable to a top speed in excess of 220 miles per hour (350 km/h), carry a doubling of load with the exceptionally high downforce at speed and maintain a compliant and comfortable ride. However, the class win was revoked when the Jaguar XJ220-C was controversially disqualified for failing to run with catalytic converters.  The Jaguar XJR-15 was developed by TWR and styled by Peter Stevens whilst the XJ220 was being developed at Jaguar, and featured the V12 engine and a host of other technologies not adopted for the XJ220, including carbon fibre construction and the option of a six-speed racing gearbox. He prefers rolling on the stock ones.
The index linking of contracts exacerbated the issue, and added almost £200,000 to the purchase price between early 1990 and mid-1992.  Autocar's verdict was "Right now, the XJ220 gives us a standard by which all other fast cars can be compared. The intention was for the finished car to bear the F-type model name and slot into the model range between the XJ40 and XJ-S. , The Jaguar XJ220 Pininfarina is a special XJ220 built in 1995 for the Sultan of Brunei and his brother Prince Jefri, who commissioned a number of rare and one-off heavily modified cars based on expensive luxury cars. Perhaps one of the biggest treasures in the Sultan’s “Harem” is a XJ220 Pininfarina Jag, custom made for him. All Rights Reserved, � Copyright TopSpeed. It started life as a perfectly normal (as these things go) 1995 XJ220, built late on in the production run.  The turbocharged engine required larger air intakes to feed the two intercoolers. What exactly is hiding behind the garage-doors in the Sultan’s palace, nobody knows for sure. I glance to the speedo and have trouble believing that it is indicating 170 mph." The history of this rare Jaguar traces to sometime in the mid-1990s, when the Sultan and his brother, Prince Jefri, went on a supercar-buying spree, subsequently having the cars redone by the world's top design shops.  Journalists and other commentators often bemoaned the lack of the Jaguar V12 engine and other technical components fitted to the concept car. For the few who will actually own and, hopefully, use their XJ220s, the fact that they are in command of the most accomplished supercar ever made should suffice.  During testing at the Nardò Ring in Italy the XJ220, driven by 1990 Le Mans Winner Martin Brundle achieved a top speed of 217.1 miles per hour when the catalytic converters were disconnected and the rev limiter was increased to 7,900rpm; owing to the circular nature of the track, a speed of 217 mph (349 km/h) is equivalent to 223 mph (359 km/h) on a straight, level road. , Sales performance was disappointing. John Nielsen, David Brabham and David Coulthard won the GT class, beating Porsche by two laps; the other two cars retired, both through engine failure.  The XJ220-C driven by Win Percy won its first race, a round of the BRDC National Sports GT Challenge at Silverstone. What is for sure is the fact the engine and the rims are probably the only parts that weren’t modified. [lower-alpha 1], Press coverage of the concept XJ220 in 1988 was overwhelmingly positive and contributed to the decision in 1989 to put the XJ220 into limited production. Car-fanatics, journalists and even other custom builders estimated the car at 1,5 million.
 A five-speed gearbox is fitted; a six-speed gearbox was considered but deemed unnecessary, as the torque characteristics of the engine made a sixth gear redundant. , The exterior retained the aluminium body panels of the XJ220 concept, but for the production vehicles, Abbey Panels of Coventry were contracted to provide the exterior panels.  The XJ220 was one of the first production cars to intentionally use underbody airflow and the venturi effect to generate downforce. , Four cars were entered in the GT1 class for the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans, two by PC Automotive Jaguar and two by Chamberlain Engineering, though the latter did not run their cars. This custom Jaguar XJ220 by Pininfarina is just one of the approximately 5000 cars the Sultan and his brother owned. Commissioned by the famous Sultan of Brunei and his brother Prince Jefri.  This car was modified by Pininfarina, with modifications including fixed headlights, new rear lights with a redesigned double-vane rear wing, and a new interior package.  The calipers are four pot aluminium units.  The cars ran in the race under appeal.  The first car was released for press review in autumn 1991.  The McLaren F1 suffered from similarly poor sales performance, with just 71 cars sold against McLaren's target of 300.
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