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nigerian leaders from 1914 till date

S.O. In February of 1976, after a failed coup attempt, Mohammed's vehicle was ambushed on his way to his offices and he was murdered. ⇒ www.HelpWriting.net ⇐ is a good website if you’re looking to get your essay written for you. Educated in the United States, Azikiwe worked as a journalist in Baltimore and Philadelphia and was already well known as a public figure on his return to Nigeria in 1937. In 1966, Major Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu led a bloody coup d'état in 1966 which overthrew the First Nigerian Republic, assassinating Premier Ahmadu Bello and Prime Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Constitutional Development In Nigeria From 1914 Till Date. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. During the late 1950’s, an African political structure was gradually achieved. On the basis of the 1979 constitution, a new constitution was introduced in Nigeria in May 1999. The 1914 constitution, the 1922 constitution, the 1946 constitution, the 1951 constitution, the 1954 constitution and the 1960 constitution. Though Nigeria was already independent beginning from 1, of October 1960, Queen of England remained the ceremonial Head of State of Nigeria until October 1, Nigerians succeeded in the decision to have an indigenous Head of State and this gave birth to the attainment of a republican status on 1. of October 1963. Super articulate and so beautifully rich! Constitutional Development In Nigeria From 1914 Till Date. Afterwards, Babangida appeared on air to state the reasons why he canceled the results of the Presidential election held on 12th of June 1993. ... Post colonial Nigerian leaders have utilized constitution drafting to ensure regime longevity. ... many Nigerian leaders believed it was ridiculous for the country’s Head of State to be far away from them. This story is as a result of the transformation agenda of the British people on the cultures and people of the then Niger-Benue area of West Africa. With the independent Nigeria now comes some imbalances in the 1963 population census and as a result of which comes regional hostilities among the various ethnic groups and regions. In 1993, the military ruler, Gen Ibrahim Babangida, in power from 1985 yields to international pressure and holds a presidential election. By the time Obasanjo was in power (after Mohammed's murder), a program to restore civilian rule of Nigeria had been established and Obasanjo continued this program, holding general elections in 1979 and helping to create the Nigerian Constitution. saving devices to ensure the longevity of their regimes. More than half of the Nation’s people are in the Fulani and Hausa regions of the Northern part of Nigeria. In the event of a vacancy the Vice President would have served as Acting President. The 1993 constitution marked the establishment of Nigeria’s short-lived the Third Republic. Following the implications of the American-oriented presidential system, Nigeria conducted a direct election which produced Alhaji Shehu Shagari as the country’s first Executive President. Your email address will not be published. 6. The Action Group (AG) which had control of the Western region (Yoruba), led by Obafemi Awolowo. The so-called coup made General Aguiyi Ironsi Nigeria’s first military Head of State. In June of 1993, Presidential elections were held in Nigeria with the goal of civilian rule being restored. Babangida made the interim government weak by placing it under the control of the military. The deterioration of the Nigerian economy, as well as consistent allegations of corruption and mismanagement, led to Shigari being overthrown in yet another military coup in 1983. Balewa was murdered during the military coup of Nigeria in 1966. Balewa is the only leader in Nigerian history to have been bestowed with the title of Prime Minister. But due to a series of military interventions, Nigeria failed to preserve its democratic institutions until 1999 when General Abdulsalam Abubakar handed over power to a democratically elected President. In order to prevent Nigeria from experiencing the drawbacks of the First Republic for the second time, the 1979 constitution made it compulsory for the Federal Executive Council and political parties to depict Nigeria’s “federal character’’. After the civil and economic unrest of 1993, Babangida caved to public pressure and appointed Shonekan as the interim President of the country in August of 1993. Aguiyi-Ironsi was a senior Nigerian officer in the military, and led the 1966 military coup against Azikiwe's government. Your email address will not be published. His legacy was created by cooperation between ethnic groups and mediation of other African conflicts. When no party was declared a winner by Majority vote during the 1959 elections, the NPC combined with the NCNC to form a government, and when independence arrived in 1960, Abubakar Balewa was made the Prime Minister, and Nnamdi Azikiwe was appointed Governor-General. Just 5 years after the Arthur Richard’s 1946 Constitution came into effect, another constitution took over. The purpose of each republic was to maintain democracy –a system of government which allows a country to be governed by elected representatives. Lugard made an effort to ensure that there is peace in the Northern region of Nigeria by ensuring that each territory is won and retained by a chief who is willing to cooperate. Nigerians were so optimistic about the bright future were citizens will live in justice, peace and prosperity as normally would be found in other parts of the world. Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa … A senior Ibo officer, Odumegwu Ojukwu, took a drastic step in May 1967 by declaring the Eastern region an independent nation, calling it the republic of Biafra. Regarded as Independence Constitution, this very constitution empowered the Queen of England [Queen Elizabeth II] to maintain her authority as Nigeria’s ceremonial Head of State. In the hope to restore democracy in Nigeria, some Nigerian elite organized political parties and contested in an election in 1993. Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Having established Nigeria as a federal republic, the 1963 constitution paved the way for Nigeria to continue adopting the Westminster system which had been in effect prior to independence. This meeting resulted to a new Federal constitution which aim involves: the separation of Lagos, the then Nation’s capital, from the Western region; the establishment of a Federal Government of Nigeria comprising of three regions: North, West and East with a Governor-General at the centre and three regional governors; the introduction of an exclusive Federal legislative List as well as a concurrent List of responsibilities for both the Federal and Regional governments, which resulted in a strong central government and weak regions; regionalization of the judiciary and of the public service through the establishment of Public Service commissions, in addition to the Federal one. List and profiles of Nigeria Rulers, Governor General,Presidents, Prime Ministers, and Heads of State since 1914. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Under the fourth Constitution of the Republic of Nigeria, the President is head of both state and government. You are really appreciated. As for the natives, their own share of the benefits of this resource allocation came in the form of some out-moded infrastructures like the provision of railway, port facilities and probably some road transport network to ease the export of agricultural and mining products as well as imports and marketing of most British manufactured goods. Sworn in on May 29, 2015, Buhari became the second ex-military leader to become a President of Nigeria. HISTORY OF NIGERIA, FROM 1914 TO DATE. The Lugardian principle of centralization was now replaced by the decentralization formula which is a matter of policy in the administration of the Nigerian State. Right from the colonial period, Nigeria has witnessed incessant This acts prompts Nigeria’s first movement for democracy, which comes to international attention when one of its leaders – Ken Saro-Wiwa, who was among a group hanged in 1995 for an alleged murder of four rivals at a political rally in 1994. history of Nigeria. It’s really convenient and helpful. When did organ music become associated with baseball? 1 Senior Lecturer, department of History, University of Ilorin, Nigeria Nigeria region (Hausa-Fulani) led by Ahmadu Bello. Ano ang pinakamaliit na kontinente sa mundo? All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Presidents Of Tanzania Since Independence, Countries With Mandatory Military Service. What Do The Colors And Symbols Of The Flag Of Nigeria Mean? In August 1993, Babangida resigned from office. This occurrence is officially described as the annexation of Lagos. This is a list of the heads of state of Nigeria, from Nigeria's independence in 1960 to the present day. In July of 1966, a northern officer, in the person of Yakubu Gowon, emerged as the countries new leader. What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? After realizing that they would have to relinquish direct political control to the natives, it became too imperative for them to plan a long term strategy that will ensure they control and exploit their former colony even long after their political independence. The re-run presidential election in 1999 was won by Olusegun Obasanjo, by now a civilian, who was for three years from 1976 was the military ruler of the country and was the preferred candidate by the Army. in a hurry to leave the political turf. Viscount Chandos, Oliver Lyttelton. Towards that era, the colonial authorities were all working to protect their interest in this part of West Africa between 1862 and 1960. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn Email. Soon after he had grabbed power, Gowon implemented genocidal tactics against the Igbo people in the north, killing more than 50,000. Ojukwu escaped across the border and is granted asylum in the Ivory Coast. Significantly, the Lyttelton Constitution of 1954 allowed for Nigeria’s independence and strongly initiated the federal principle. In course of this British dominance, Nigeria had its first 5 constitutions by order in council. After the end of the war (1967 – 1970), Nigeria now becomes one of the wealthiest countries in Africa and that thanks to its vast reserves of oil (actually petroleum, rather than the palm oil of the previous century). The Federal Republic of Nigeria which gained independence in 1960, after a long period of colonialism by the British government, has a remarkable constitutional development. The consequence of the coup brought about many disasters including great massacre, an abolition of the Westminster system and termination of democracy. They can help you with any type of writing - from personal statement to research paper. Sir A.Tafawa Balewa. imperial strategies. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The British largely dominated the Niger-Benue area due to the areas’ vast economic structure. His candidacy was approved and with his record shows no sign and history of corruption. HISTORY OF NIGERIA, FROM 1914 TO DATE. These policies included the raising of interest rates, major cut back to public and government spending, and prohibiting the government from borrowing more money. The 1993 constitution marked the establishment of Nigeria’s short-lived the Third Republic. What is the rising action of faith love and dr lazaro? Though Nigeria was already independent beginning from 1st of October 1960, Queen of England remained the ceremonial Head of State of Nigeria until October 1st, 1963 –the third year of independence. With a population over of 180 million people, it is the continent’s most populous country. Since it was adopted in 1999, the constitution has remained effective to date. I really love this note on constitutional development and the amalgamation of 1914. To better understand its broad constitutional development, one has to first review the concept of “One Nigeria’’ dating as far back as 1914 when Lord Frederick Lugard succeeded in amalgamating the Northern and Southern Protectorates.

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